Converts gas concentration units to other units.
Up to eight digits, including digits after the decimal point, can be entered in input fields.
Enter the concentration values and select the concentration unit from the pull-down list.
Either directly enter the name of the gas, or select it from the pull-down list. Alternatively, directly enter the molecular weight.
If the temperature is not 20ºC, enter the temperature in the corresponding field.
If the pressure is not one atmospheric pressure (1013 hPa), enter the pressure in the corresponding field.
Units for measuring concentration
Common units for measuring concentration
|% (percent)||This unit expresses concentration in parts per hundred (percentage) of a substance in 100mL of a medium such as air.|
|ppm (parts per million)||This unit that expresses concentration in parts per million is measured as the volume (denoted in litres [L]) of a substance found in 1L of a medium such as air.|
|mg/m3 (milligram per cubic metre)||This unit expresses the concentration in one cubic metre of air (equivalent to 1L or 1000mL) of a substance in terms of its mass (measured in milligrams). It is primarily used for particle-like substances, and only rarely for gaseous concentrations.|
|mg/L (milligram per litre)||This unit expresses the concentration in one litre of air (1000mL) of a substance in terms of its mass (measured in milligrams). It is generally used for measuring concentrations in liquids, and only rarely for gaseous concentrations.|
Converting from one unit of concentration to another
|% → ppm||ppm=%×10000 → 1ppm=0.0001%|
|ppm → %||%=ppm×1/10000 → 1%=10000ppm|
|ppm → mg/m3||mg/m3=ppm× M22.4×273(273+T)×P1013|
|mg/m3 → ppm||ppm=mg/m3×22.4M×(273+T)273×1013P|
|mg/L → %||%=mg/l×22.4M×(273+T)273×110×1013P|
|% → mg/L||mg/l=%×M22.4×273(273+T)×10×P1013|
- Molecular weight of a substance
- The volume of 1 mol at 1 atmospheric pressure at 0ºC
- FK stands for Kelvin, the unit used to measure thermodynamic temperature; as 0ºC corresponds to 273.15K.
You simply need to add 273 to the Celsius/Centigrade value (273+T) to obtain the temperature in Kelvin
- One atmospheric pressure
- P denotes the atmospheric pressure at the point of measurement (hPa)
About gas detector tubes
General information on gas measurement